The Categories: Skin Type
Is your skin normal, oily, dry, or combination? This determines the basic foundation of your skincare routine but you also need to keep in mind that your skin changes as you age and encounter different environmental factors. If you’ve been treating your skin the same way for ten years, it’s probably time to re-evaluate. Start by checking your skin a few hours after cleansing in the morning – does it feel tight and dry or is it starting to look shiny? Many people have some form of combination skin, characterized by an oily t-zone and dry cheeks. Normal skin simply means that the oil and water content in your skin is balanced. If you’re having a hard time telling, pay attention to your skin for a few days.
According to Dr. Price there are four main skin concerns: rosacea, acne, hyperpigmentation, and sun damage.
If you have sensitive skin, rosacea often comes with the territory. Whether you have frequent splotchiness or get flushed easily, you should stick with gentle, fragrance-free skin care products. It's also wise to avoid spicy foods, direct sun exposure, and prolonged exposure to hot climates.
Isn’t acne the worst? Minimize breakouts by using skincare with calming ingredients like calendula and witch hazel, and using salicylic acid to get pores squeaky clean. Avoid overdrying skin with harsh products, which can just exacerbate the problem.
Darkened skin spots or hyperpigmentation are often the result of sun damage or acne. Try looking for products with retinol or brightening ingredients. Think about adding a cleansing tool like Clarisonic for a more even skin tone. Daily sunscreen is extremely important.
Sun damage is the trickiest skin concern because it is so broad, and can look like general signs of aging. The clues: fine lines, wrinkles, and dull or lackluster skin. Of all skin concerns, this one is easiest to prevent — vigilant use of sunscreen and oversized hats.
A Note on Skin Age
Chronological age and skin are two very different things. Dr. Price says that you can be 25 but, because of smoking, sun damage, or other factors, have a skin age of 35 or older. Take this into consideration as you choose your products!
Stay tuned for the next installment of Skincare Matchmaker: Cleansers.